In Kenya the types of poultry farming practised are follows; layers, broilers and kienyenji.
Kienyenji is the most economical and marketable as it is dual purpose type of poultry. Improved kienyenji chicks can begin to lay eggs after 4 – 5 months. The following is estimated cost for raising 100 kienyenji chicks once you have a structure build to house. The cost may vary depending on time and the locality.
100 Chicks 3 days old kshs.10,000
Chick mash 8weeks old kshs.16,800
Growers 1 weeks old kshs.24,225
Equipment (feeders, drinkers) kshs.5,500
Agricultural sectors is one of the fastest growing economic sectors in Kenya. Many youth are currently picking up agribusiness as a full time venture or ‘side hustle’. Poultry farming is one super way to get into the agribusiness considering that little space is required for startup and the fact that currently solar egg incubators Kenya are now freely available .
A poultry farmer can invest in as follows; hatching chicks for sale, rearing layers for selling of eggs for consumption, rearing cockerels and hen with an aim to sell fertile eggs, rearing poultry breeds for meat e.g broilers, rearing poultry breeds for aesthetic purposes e.g guinea fowls, ostrich targeting tourist and rearing of cockerels to sell as breeding cocks.
Nicehatch poultry incubators maintains a continuous focus toward improving the capabilities and selection of its poultry production equipment to better serve the needs of its customers. Capable of accommodating a variety of house designs and capacity requirements, Nicehatch poultry incubators systems feature durable construction to withstand the every day rigors of the environment, technologically advanced designs for increased efficiency and healthier birds, and easy operation and installation.
Nicehatch poultry incubators offers both Mechanical and Community Nesting Systems to reduce stress on birds while decreasing the number of floor and slat eggs.
Nice hatch Kenya offers a full line of heating and ventilation equipment to efficiently and effectively maintain optimal environmental conditions including Exhaust Fans, Fan Shutter, comfort Cooler Systems and Curtain Machine Controllers.
Nice Nice hatch Kenya Kenya offers both Mechanical and Community Nesting Systems to reduce stress on birds while decreasing the number of floor and slat eggs.
Routine preventative measures form the next line of defence against disease, after providing a clean and hygienic environment through good poultry farming practices. Preventative measures include:
- parasite control
- identifying and treating sick birds
- separating multi-age flocks
- practising routine biosecurity procedures between flocks and staff working with them.
Vaccination can prevent many poultry diseases. Follow a suitable vaccination program or only buy appropriately vaccinated stock. You can request vaccination certificates from your supplier when purchasing chicks or pullets.
Poultry vaccinations include:
- avian encephalomyelitis
- chicken anaemia
- egg drop syndrome 76 (EDS 76)
- fowl cholera
- fowl pox
- infectious bronchitis
- infectious bursal disease
- infectious coryza
- infectious laryngotracheitis
- Marek’s disease
- Newcastle disease.
For breeders of poultry, when vaccinating:
- always follow the instructions on the label, including storage conditions
- use disposable syringes and needles
- discard all unused vaccines, syringes and needles in a proper manner
- be clean, but never use detergents or disinfectants near vaccination equipment. Do not disinfect skin before vaccinating with fowl pox or Marek’s HVT vaccine, as this will kill the vaccine virus.
Check with your vaccine supplier or veterinarian for vaccine availability. Poultry Hub has more information about
Birds that are housed on the floor and have access to pastures and outdoor areas will have greater exposure to internal and external parasites. For birds housed in these conditions, it is important to have a prevention program in place and treat as required. This helps to minimise physical stress and keep birds in good condition so they can resist disease. Control parasites by:
- regularly inspecting birds for external parasites
- spraying or dusting birds thoroughly with an approved insecticide if you can see lice or mites – spray the shed, perches and nests thoroughly, making sure the insecticide gets into crevices
- cleaning sheds and rotating ranges to prevent worms
- regularly checking faecal material for any sign of worms
- always checking the label on worming treatments for withholding periods as some are not suitable for production birds
- consulting a veterinarian.
Remove sick birds
Regularly observe your birds for any signs of ill health or problems within the flock such as feather pecking. Remove sick chickens and other poultry from the main flock and obtain a diagnosis from a qualified person. Sick birds usually appear different to healthy birds. You can give the correct treatment once you identify the disease or problem. Keep ill birds quarantined from the flock until completely recovered. If medication is given, it is important to adhere to any withholding periods.
When introducing younger birds into a flock of older birds, there is an increased risk of disease transfer from the older birds to the younger birds. Older birds often build resilience to diseases and disorders that younger birds have not been exposed to.
There may also be an increased risk of feather pecking and social issues when introducing new birds to a flock.
It is preferable from a disease perspective to run single-aged flocks. However if this is not possible and you are running multi-age flocks:
- keep age groups separate – have an all-in and all-out system for each age group to allow for a complete clean and disinfection of facilities and equipment between batches
- always start work with younger poultry and finish with the oldest.
Free range extensive system
Backyard extensive system
Birds are not confined. Makeshift shelters are provided to protect the birds from severe weather conditions. Birds are free to wander around in litter collection areas, trees and nest in the bush. It’s hard to control inbreeding in comparison to using poultry egg incubators
Back yard extensive system
Birds are housed only at night during the day they wander around the fields. Birds are fed in the morning and evening. The rest of the day they scavenge for food around the fields.
Semi intensive system
Birds are confined around specific area with access to structures shelter. Birds are sheltered during the day and fully housed at night. Birds are fed and watered.
One of the most challenging endavours in poultry farming is the construction of the right house for the birds. We recommend that you have a plan for constructing a proper poultry house according to your means. Luckiliy there are methods you can go about the construction of a poultyr house to suit yourself. Genarally a goood poultry house should be:
keep predators off
have health facilities by disinfecting the house and all equipment free from germs and contamination.
there should be suffficient sunlight coming through
enough space to avoid congestion . there should be atleast 40-50 square centimetres per every chicken.
Feeding equipment shouls also be strategically placed at regular intervals and be proportional to the number of birds
the house should be Cleaned regularly and kept dry at all times
If you build more that one house the make sure there be adequate distance of atleast 40 feet from one house to another.
Clean the house properly before keeping the birds inside the poultry house.
Make a deep liter and keep it dry and clean always.
Wooden and rice bran can be used for making liter.
The poultry house and all equipment must have to be free from virus, parasites and germs.
The poultry house should be situated in a calm area free noise
Nice Hatch Incubators is a leading Supplier of egg incubators, feeders, drinkers and other poultry equipment. In addition, we hatch and sell day old; week old; month chicks and fertilized eggs. Having a passion for farming and an engineering background, we started making incubators for easy and convenient chicken production.